Adultery

A Sermon Against Whoredom and Uncleanness

Although there want not (good Christian people) great swarms of vices worthy to be rebuked (unto such decay is true Godliness and virtuous living now come:)...  

yet above other vices, the outrageous seas of adultery (or breaking of wedlock) whoredom, fornication and uncleanness, have not only burst in, but also overflowed almost the whole world, unto the great dishonour of GOD, the exceeding infamy of the name of Christ, the notable decay of true Religion, and the utter destruction of the public wealth, and that so abundantly, that through the customable use thereof, this vice is grown into such an height, that in a manner among many, it is counted no sin at all, but rather a pastime, a dalliance, and but a touch of youth: not rebuked, but winked at: not punished, but laughed at.

Wherefore it is necessary at this present, to intreat of the sin of whoredom and fornication, declaring unto you the greatness of this sin, and how odious, hateful, and abominable it is, and hath alway been reputed before GOD and all good men, and how grievously it hath been punished both by the law of GOD, and the laws of divers Princes.

Again, to shew you certain remedies, whereby ye may (through the grace of GOD) eschew this most detestable sin of whoredom and fornication, and lead your lives in all honesty and cleanness, and that ye may perceive that fornication and whoredom are (in the sight of GOD) most abominable sins, ye shall call to remembrance this commandment of GOD,

Thou shalt not commit adultery
Exodus 20.14

by the which word, adultery, although it be properly understood of the unlawful commixtion or joining together of a married man with any woman beside his wife, or of a wife with any man beside her husband: yet thereby is signified also all unlawful use of those parts, which be ordained for generation. 

And this one commandment (forbidding adultery) doth sufficiently paint and set out before our eyes the greatness of this sin of whoredom, and manifestly declareth how greatly it ought to be abhorred of all honest and faithful persons. And that none of us all shall think himself excepted from this commandment, whether we be old or young, married, or unmarried, man or woman, hear what GOD the Father saith by his most excellent Prophet Moses:

There shall be no whore among the daughters of Israel, nor no whoremonger among the sons of Israel
 Deuteronomy 23.17

Here is whoredom, fornication, and all other uncleanness forbidden to all kinds of people, all degrees, and all ages without exception. And that we shall not doubt, but that this precept or commandment pertaineth to us indeed, hear what Christ (the perfect teacher of all truth) saith in the new Testament,

ye have heard (saith Christ) that it was said to them of olde time, Thou shalt not commit adultery: but I say unto you, Whosoever seeth a Woman, to have his lust of her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart 
Matthew 5.27-28 

Here our Saviour Christ doth not only confirm and stablish the law against adultery, given in the olde Testament of GOD the Father by his servant Moses, and make it of full strength, continually to remain among the professors of his Name in the new law: but he also (condemning the gross interpretation of the Scribes and Pharisees, which taught that the foresaid commandment only required to abstain from the outward adultery, and not from the filthy desires and unpure lusts,) teacheth us an exact and full perfection of purity and cleanness of life, both to keep our bodies undefiled, and our hearts pure and free from all evil thoughts, carnal desires, and fleshly consents. How can we then be free from this commandment, where so great charge is laid upon us?

May a servant do what he will in any thing, having commandment of his master to the contrary? Is not Christ our Master? Are not we his servants? How then may we neglect our Masters will and pleasure, and follow our own will and fantasy?

Ye are my friends (saith Christ) if you keep those things that I command you
 John 15.14

Now hath Christ our Master commanded us that we should forsake all uncleanness and filthiness both in body and spirit: this therefore must we do, if we look to please GOD. In the Gospel of Saint Matthew we read, that the Scribes and Pharisees were grievously offended with Christ, because his disciples did not keep the traditions of the forefathers, for they washed not their hands when they went to dinner or supper (Matthew 15.1-2):

And among other things, Christ answered and said,

hear and understand; Not that thing which entereth into the mouth defileth the man, but that which cometh out of the mouth defileth the man
 Matthew 15.10-11
For those things which proceed out of the mouth, come forth from the heart, and they defile the man. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, breaking of wedlock, whoredom, thefts, false witness, blasphemies: these are the things which defile a man
(Matthew 15.19-20, Mark 7.21

Here may we see, that not only murder, theft, false witness, and blasphemy, defile men, but also evil thoughts, breaking of wedlock, fornication, and whoredom. 

Who is now of so little wit, that he will esteem whoredom and fornication to be things of small importance, and of no weight before GOD? Christ (who is the truth, and can not lie) saith that evil thoughts, breaking of wedlock, whoredom, and fornication defile a man, that is to say, corrupt both the body and soul of man, and make them, of the temples of the holy Ghost, the filthy dunghill, or dungeon of all unclean spirits, of the house of GOD, the dwelling place of Satan (Titus 1.15).

Again in the Gospel of Saint John, when the woman taken in adultery, was brought unto Christ, said not he unto her, Go thy way, and sin no more (John 8.11)? Doth not he here call whoredom sin? And what is the reward of sin, but everlasting death (Romans 6.23)? If whoredom be sin, then it is not lawful for us to commit it. For Saint John saith, He that committeth sin is of the devil (1 John 3.8). And our Saviour saith, every one that committeth sin, is the servant of sin (John 8.34). If whoredom had not been sin, Surely Saint John Baptist would never have rebuked king Herod for taking his brothers wife, but he told him plainly, that it was not lawful for him to take his brothers wife. he winked not at the whoredom of Herod, although he were a king of power, but boldly reproved him for his wicked and abominable living (Mark 6.18), although for the same he lost his head. But he would rather suffer death (then see GOD so dishonoured, by the breaking of his holy precept and commandment) then to suffer whoredom to be unrebuked, even in a king. 

If whoredom had been but a pastime, a dalliance, & not to be passed off, (as many count it nowadays) truly John had been more then twice mad, if he would have had the displeasure of a king, if he would have been cast in prison, and lost his head for a trifle. But John knew right well how filthy, and stinking, and abominable the sin of whoredom is in the sight of GOD, therefore would not he leave it unrebuked, no not in a king, If whoredom be not lawful in a king, neither is it lawful in a subject. If whoredom be not lawful in a public or common officer, neither is it lawful in a private person. If it be not lawful neither in king, nor subject, neither in common officer, nor private person, truly then it is lawful in no man nor woman of whatsoever degree or age they be.

Furthermore in the Acts of the Apostles we read that when the Apostles & Elders with the whole Congregation, were gathered together to pacify the hearts of the faithful dwelling at Antioch, (which were disquieted through the false doctrine of certain Jewish preachers) they sent word to the brethren, that it seemed good to the holy Ghost, and to them, to charge them with no more then with necessary things: among other, they willed them to abstain from idolatry and fornication, from which (said they) if ye keep your selves, ye shall do well (Acts 15.28-29). Note Here, how these holy and blessed Fathers of Christs Church, would charge the congregation with no more things than were necessary. 

Mark also how among those things, from the which they commanded the brethren of Antioch to abstain, fornication and whoredom is numbered. It is therefore necessary, by the determination and consent of the holy Ghost, and the Apostles and Elders, with the whole Congregation that as from idolatry and superstition, so likewise we must abstain from fornication and whoredom. It is necessary unto salvation to abstain from idolatry: So is it to abstain from whoredom. Is there any nigher way to lead unto damnation, then to be an idolater? No. Even so, neither is there any nearer way to damnation, then to be a fornicator and a whoremonger. 

Now where are those people, which so lightly esteem breaking of wedlock, whoredom, fornication and adultery. It is necessary, saith the holy Ghost, the blessed Apostles, the Elders, with the whole Congregation of Christ, it is necessary to salvation (say they) to abstain from whoredom. If it be necessary unto salvation, then woe be to them which neglecting their salvation, give their minds to so filthy and stinking sin, to so wicked vice, and to such detestable abomination.

THE SECOND PART OF THE SERMON AGAINST ADULTERY

YOU have been taught in the first part of this Sermon against adultery, how that vice at this day reigneth most above all other vices, and what is meant by this word (adultery) and how holy Scripture dissuadeth or discounseleth from doing that filthy sin, and finally what corruption cometh to mans soul through the sin of Adultery. 

Now to proceed further, let us hear what the blessed Apostle Saint Paul saith to this matter, writing to the Romans he hath these words. Let us cast away the works of darkness, and put on the armour of light. Let us walk honestly as it were in the day time, not in eating and drinking, neither in chambering and wantonness, neither in strife and envying, but put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh to fulfil the lusts of it (Romans 13.12-14). Here the holy Apostle exhorteth us to cast away the works of darkness, which (among other) he calleth gluttonous eating, drinking, chambering, and wantonness, which are all ministers unto that vice, and preparations to induce and bring in the filthy sin of the flesh.

He calleth them the deeds and works of darkness, not only because they are customably in darkness, or in the night time (for every one that doeth evil, hateth the light, neither cometh he to the light, lest his works should be reproved, John 3.20) but that they lead the right way unto that utter darkness, where weeping and gnashing of teeth shall be (Matthew 25.30). And he saith in an other place of the same Epistle, They that are in the flesh, cannot please GOD: We are debtors, not to the flesh, that we should live after the flesh, for if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die (Romans 8.8, 12-13). 

Again he saith, Flee from whoredom, for every sin that a man committeth, is without his body: but whosoever committeth whoredom, sinneth against his own body. Do ye not know, that your members are the Temple of the holy Ghost which is in you, whom also ye have of GOD, and ye are not your own? For ye are dearly bought: glorify God in your bodies, &c. And a little before he saith, Do ye not know that your bodies are the members of Christ: Shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of a whore? GOD forbid. Do ye not know, that he which cleaveth to a whore, is made one body with her? There shall be two in one flesh (saith he) but he that cleaveth to the Lord, is one spirit (1 Corinthians 6.15-17). 

What godly words doth the blessed Apostle Saint Paul bring forth here, to dissuade and discounsel us from whoredom and all uncleanness? Your members (saith he) are the Temple of the holy Ghost, which whosoever doth defile, GOD will destroy him, as saith Saint Paul. If we be the Temple of the holy Ghost, how unfitting then is it, to drive that holy Spirit from us through whoredom, and in his place to set the wicked spirits of uncleanness and fornication, and to be joined, and do service to them?

Ye are dearly bought (saith he) therefore glorify GOD in your bodies. Christ that innocent Lamb of GOD, hath bought us from the servitude of the devil, not with corruptible gold & silver, but with his most precious and dear heart blood (1 Peter 1.18-19). To what intent? That we should fall again into our old uncleanness and abominable living? Nay verily: but that we should serve him all the days of our life (Isaiah 38.20, Luke 1.74-75), in holiness and righteousness, that we should glorify him in our bodies, by purity and cleanness of life. He declareth also that our bodies are the members of Christ: How unseemly a thing is it then to cease to be incorporate or embodied and made one with Christ, and through whoredom to be enjoined and made all one with a whore? 

What greater dishonour or injury can we do to Christ, then to take away from him the members of his body, and to join them to whores, devils, and wicked spirits? And what more dishonour can we do to our selves, then through uncleanness, to loose so excellent a dignity and freedom, and to become bond-slaves, and miserable captives to the spirits of darkness? Let us therefore consider, first the glory of Christ, then our estate, our dignity, and freedom, wherein GOD hath set us, by giving us his holy Spirit, and let us valiantly defend the same against Satan, and al his crafty assaults, that Christ may be honoured, and that we loose not our liberty or freedom, but still remain in one Spirit with him.

Moreover, in his Epistle to the Ephesians, the blessed Apostle willeth us to be so pure and free from adultery, fornication, and all uncleanness, that we not once name them among us (as it becometh Saints) nor filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not comely, but rather giving of thanks: for this ye know (saith he) that no whoremonger, neither unclean person, or covetous person (which is an idolater) hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of GOD (Ephesians 5.3-5, 1 Corinthians 6.9-10). And that we should remember to be holy, pure, and free from all uncleanness, the holy Apostle calleth us Saints, because we are sanctified and made holy by the blood of Christ, through the holy ghost.

Now if we be Saints, what have we to do with the manners of the Heathen? Saint Peter saith, as he which called you is holy, even so be ye holy also in your conversation, because it is written, Be ye holy, for I am holy (1 Peter 1.15-16, Leviticus 19.4, 19.2). Hitherto have we heard how grievous a sin fornication and whoredom is, and how greatly GOD doth abhor it throughout the whole Scripture: How can it any otherwise be then a sin of most abomination, seeing it may not once be named among the Christians, much less it may in any point be committed. And surely if we would weigh the greatness of this sin, and consider it in the right kind, we should find the sin of whoredom, to be that most filthy lake, soul puddle, and stinking sink, whereunto all kinds of sins and evils flow, where also they have their resting place and abiding.

For hath not the adulterer a pride in his whoredom? As the Wise man saith, They are glad when they have done evil, and rejoice in things that are stark naught. Is not the adulterer also idle, and delighteth in no godly exercise, but only in that his most filthy and beastly pleasure? Is not his mind plucked, and utterly drawn away from all virtuous studies, and fruitful labours, and only given to carnal and fleshly imagination? Doth not the whoremonger give his mind to gluttony, that he may be the more apt to serve his lusts and carnal pleasures? Doth not the adulterer give his mind to covetousness, and to polling and pilling of other, that he may be the more able to maintain his harlots and whores, and to continue in his filthy and unlawful love? 

Swelleth he not also with envy against other, fearing that his pray should be allured and taken away from him? Again is he not ireful, and replenished with wrath and displeasure, even against his best beloved, if at any time his beastly and devilish request be letted? What sin, or kind of sin is it that is not joined with fornication and whoredom? It is a monster of many heads: it receiveth all kinds of vices, and refuseth all kinds of virtues. If one several sin bringeth damnation, what is to be thought of that sin, which is accompanied with all evils, and hath waiting on it whatsoever is hateful to GOD, damnable to man, and pleasant to Satan.

Great is the damnation that hangeth over the heads of fornicators and adulterers. What shall I speak of other incommodities, which issue and flow out of this stinking puddle of whoredom? is not that treasure, which before all other is most regarded of honest persons, the good fame and name of man and woman, lost through whoredom? What patrimony or livelihood, what substance, what goods, what riches doth whoredom shortly consume and bring to nought? What valiantness and strength is many times made weak, and destroyed with whoredom? What wit is so fine, that is not besotted and defaced through whoredom? What beauty (although it were never so excellent,) is not disfigured through whoredom? Is not whoredom an enemy to the pleasant flower of youth, & bringeth it not gray hairs and old age before the time? What gift of nature (although it were never so precious) is not corrupted with whoredom? 

Come not many foul and most loathsome diseases of whoredom? From whence come so many bastards and misbegotten children, to the high displeasure of GOD, and dishonour of holy wedlock, but of whoredom? How many consume all their substance and goods, and at the last fall into such extreme poverty, that afterward they steal, and so are hanged, through whoredom? What contention and manslaughter cometh of whoredom? How many maidens be deflowered, how many wives corrupted, how many widows defiled through whoredom? How much is the public and common wealth impoverished, and troubled through whoredom? 

How much is GOD’S word contemned and depraved through whoredom & whoremongers? Of this vice cometh a great part of the divorces which (nowadays) be so commonly accustomed and used by mens private authority, to the great displeasure of GOD, and the breach of the most holy knot and bond of matrimony. For when this most detestable sin is once crept into the breast of the adulterer, so that he is entangled with unlawful and unchaste love, straightways his true and lawful wife is despised, her presence is abhorred, her company stinketh, and is loathsome, whatsoever she doeth is dispraised: there is no quietness in the house, so long as she is in sight: therefore to make short work, she must away, for her husband can brook her no longer. Thus through whoredom, is the honest and harmless wife put away, and an harlot received in her steed: and in like sort, it happeneth many times in the wife towards her husband. 

O abomination! Christ our Saviour, very GOD and man, coming to restore the Law of his heavenly Father, unto the right sense, understanding, and meaning (among other things) reformed the abuse of this Law of GOD. For where as the Jews used a long sufferance, by custom, to put away their wives, at their pleasure, for every cause, Christ correcting that evil custom, did teach, that if any man put away his wife, and marrieth another, for any cause, except only for adultery, (which then was death by the law) he was an adulterer (Matthew 19.9), and forced also his wife so divorced, to commit adultery, if she were joined to any other man, and the man also so joined with her, to committ adultery.

In what case then are these adulterers, which for the love of a whore put away their true and lawful wife, against all law, right, reason and conscience? O how damnable is the estate wherein they stand! Swift destruction shall fall on them, if they repent not, and amend not: For GOD will not suffer holy wedlock thus to be dishonoured, hated and despised. he will once punish this fleshly and licentious manner of living, and cause that this holy ordinance shall be had in reverence and honour. For surely wedlock (as the Apostle saith) is honourable among all men, and the bed undefiled: But whoremongers and fornicators God will judge, that is to say, punish and condemn (Hebrews 13.4). 

But to what purpose is this labour taken, to describe and set forth the greatness of the sin of whoredom, and the discommodities that issue & flow out of it, seeing that breath and tongue shall sooner fail any man, then he shall or may be able to set it out according to the abomination and heinousness thereof? Notwithstanding this is spoken to the intent that all men should flee whoredom, and live in the fear of GOD: GOD grant that it may not be spoken in vain.

THE THIRD PART OF THE SERMON AGAINST ADULTERY

In the second part of this Sermon against adultery that was last read, you have learned how earnestly the Scripture warneth us to avoid the sin of adultery, and to embrace cleanness of life: and that through adultery, we fall into all kinds of sin, and are made bond-slaves to the devil: through cleanness of life we are made members of Christ: and finally, how far adultery bringeth a man from all goodness, and driveth him headlong into all vices, mischief, and misery. 

Now will I declare unto you in order, with what grievous punishments GOD in times past plagued adultery, and how certain worldly Princes also did punish it, that ye may perceive that whoredom and fornication be sins no less detestable in the sight of GOD, to all good men, then I have hitherto uttered. In the first book of Moses, we read that when mankind began to be multiplied upon the earth, the men and women gave their minds so greatly to fleshly delight, and filthy pleasure, that they lived without all fear of GOD. GOD seeing this their beastly and abominable living and perceiving that they amended not, but rather increased daily more and more in their sinful and unclean manners, repented that ever he had made man: and to shew how greatly he abhorreth adultery, whoredom, fornication, and all uncleanness, he made all the fountains of the deep earth to burst out, and the sluices of heaven to be opened, so that the rain came down upon the earth by the space of forty days and forty nights, and by this means destroyed the whole world, and all mankind, eight persons only excepted, that is to say, Noe the preacher of righteousness, (as S. Peter calleth him) and his wife, his three sons and their wives. 

O what a grievous plague did GOD cast here upon all living creatures for the sin of whoredom! For the which GOD, took vengeance, not only of man, but of all beasts, fowls, and all living creatures. Manslaughter was committed before (Genesis 4.8), yet was not the world destroyed for that: but for whoredom all the world (few only except) was overflowed with waters, and so perished. An example worthy to be remembered, that ye may learn to fear GOD.

We read again, that for the filthy sin of uncleanness, Sodom and Gomorra, and the other Cities nigh unto them, were destroyed by fire and brimstone from heaven (Genesis 19.24), so that there was neither man, woman, child, nor beast, nor yet any thing that grew upon the earth there left undestroyed. Whose heart trembleth not at the hearing of this history? 

Who is so drowned in whoredom and uncleanness, that will not now for ever after leave this abominable living, seeing that GOD so grievously punisheth uncleanness, to rain fire and brimstone from heaven, to destroy whole Cities, to kill man, woman, and child, and all other living creatures there abiding, to consume with fire all that ever grew? What can be more manifest tokens of GODS wrath and vengeance against uncleanness and impurity of life? Mark this history (good people) and fear the vengeance of GOD. Do you not read also, that GOD did smite Pharaoh and his house with great plagues, because that he ungodly desired Sara the wife of Abraham (Genesis 12.17)? Likewise read we of Abimelech king of Gerar, although he touched her not by carnal knowledge (Genesis 20.4). 

These plagues and punishments did GOD cast on upon filthy and unclean persons, before the Law was given (the law of nature only reigning in the hearts of men) to declare how great love he had to Matrimony and wedlock, and again, how much he abhorred adultery, fornication, and all uncleanness. And when the Law that forbade whoredom was given by Moses to the Jews, did not GOD command that the breakers thereof should be put to death? The words of the law be these: Who so committeth adultery with any mans wife, shall die the death, both the man and the woman, because he hath broken wedlock with his neighbours wife (Leviticus 20.10). 

In the Law also it was commanded, that a damsel and a man taken together in whoredom should be both stoned to death. In another place we also read, that GOD commanded Moses to take all the head Rulers, and Princes of the people, and to hang them upon gibbets openly, that every man might see them, because they either committed, or did not punish whoredom (Numbers 25.4). Again, did not GOD send such a plague among the people for fornication, and uncleanness, that they dyed in one day three and twenty thousand? I pass over for lack of time many other histories of the holy Bible, which declare the grievous vengeance, and heavy displeasure of GOD against whoremongers and adulterers. 

Certes this extreme punishment appointed of GOD, sheweth evidently how greatly GOD hateth whoredom. And let us not doubt, but that GOD at this present abhorreth all manner of uncleanness, no less than he did in the olde law, and will undoubtedly punish it, both in this world, and in the world to come. For he is a GOD that can abide no wickedness: therefore ought it to be eschewed of all that tender the glory of GOD, and the salvation of their own souls (Psalms 5.4).

Saint Paul saith, All these things are written for our example, and to teach us the fear of GOD, and the obedience to his holy Law (1 Corinthians 10.11). For if GOD spared not the natural branches, neither will he spare us that be but grafts, if we commit like offence. If GOD destroyed many thousands of people, many cities, yea the whole, world for whoredom, let us not flatter our selves, and think we shall escape free, and without punishment. For he hath promised in his holy Law, to send most grievous plagues upon them that transgress, or break his holy commandments. Thus have we heard, how GOD punisheth the sin of adultery: let us now hear certain laws, which the Civil Magistrates devised in their countries, for the punishment thereof, that we may learn how uncleanness hath ever been detested in all well ordered cities and commonwealths, and among all honest persons.

Laws devised for the punishment of whoredom. 

The law among the Lepreians was this, that when any were taken in adultery, they were bound and carried three days through the City, and afterward as long as they lived, were they despised, and with shame and confusion counted as persons void of all honesty. Among the Locrensians the adulterers have both their eyes thrust out. The Romans in times past, punished whoredom, sometime by fire, sometime by sword. If any man among the Egyptians had bene taken in adultery, the law was, that he should openly in the presence of all the people be scourged naked with whips, unto the number of a thousand stripes, the woman was then taken with him, had her nose cut off, whereby she was known ever after, to be a whore, and therefore to be abhorred of all men. Among the Arabians, they that were taken in adultery, had their heads stricken from their bodies. The Athenians punished whoredom by death in like manner. 

So likewise, did the barbarous Tartarians. Among the Turks even at this day, they that be taken in adultery, both man and woman are stoned straightway to death, without mercy. Thus we see what godly acts were devised in times past of the high powers, for the putting away of whoredom, and for the maintaining of holy Matrimony, or wedlock, and pure conversation. And the authors of these acts were no Christians, but the Heathen: yet were they so inflamed with the love of honesty and pureness of life, that for the maintenance and conservation or keeping up of that, they made godly Statutes, suffering neither fornication or adultery to reign in their Realms unpunished. Christ said to the people, The Ninevites shall rise at the judgement with this Nation (meaning the unfaithful Jews) and shall condemn them: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas, but behold (saith he) a greater then Jonas is Here, (meaning himself) and yet they repent not (Matthew 12.41). 

Shall not (think you) likewise the Locrensians, Arabians, Athenians, with such other, rise vp in the judgement, and condemn us, for as much as they ceased from the whoredom at the commandment of man, and we have the Law, and manifest precepts and commandments of GOD, and yet forsake we not our filthy conversation? truly, truly, it shall be easier at the day of judgment, to these Heathen, then to us, except we repent and amend. For though death of body seemeth to us a grievous punishment in this world for whoredom: yet is that pain nothing in comparison of the grievous torments which adulterers, fornicators, and all unclean persons shall suffer after this life. For all such shall be excluded and shut out of the Kingdome of heaven, as S. Paul saith, be not deceived, for neither whoremongers, nor worshippers of Images, nor adulterers, nor effeminate persons, nor Sodomites, nor thieves, nor covetous persons, nor drunkards, nor cursed speakers, nor pillers, shall inherit the Kingdom of GOD (I Corinthians 6.9-10, Galatians 5.19, Ephesians 5.5). 

And S. John in his Revelation saith, That whoremongers shall have their part with murderers, sorcerers, enchanters, liars, idolaters, and such other, in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the second death (Revelations 21.8). The punishment of the body, although it be death, hath an end: but the punishment of the soul, which S. John calleth the second death, is everlasting, there shall be fire and brimstone, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, the worm that there shall gnaw the conscience of the damned, shall never die (Matthew 13.42, Mark 9.44). O whose heart distilleth not even drops of blood, to hear and consider these things? 

If we tremble and shake at the hearing and naming of these pains, oh what shall they do that shall feel them, that shall suffer them, yea, and ever shall suffer, worlds without end: GOD have mercy upon us. Who is now so drowned in sin, and past all godliness, that he will set more by filthy and stinking pleasure, (which soon passeth away) then by the loss of everlasting glory? Again, who will so give himself to the lusts of the flesh, that he feareth nothing at all the pain of hell fire? But let us hear how we may eschew the sin of whoredom, and adultery, that we may walk in the fear of GOD, and be free from those most grievous and intolerable torments, which abide all unclean persons.

Remedies whereby to avoid fornication and adultery. 

Now to avoid fornication, adultery, and all uncleanness, let us provide that above all things, we may keep our hearts pure and clean, from all evil thoughts and carnal lusts: for if that be once infected and corrupt, we fall headlong into all kinds of ungodliness. This shall we easily do, if when we feel inwardly, that Satan our olde enemy tempteth us unto whoredom, we by no means consent to his crafty suggestions, but valiantly resist and withstand him by strong faith in the word of GOD, alleging against him always in our heart, this commandment of GOD: Scriptum est, non mśchaberis. 

It is written, Thou shalt not commit whoredom. It shall be good also for us, ever to live in the fear of GOD, and to set before our eyes the grievous threatenings of GOD against all ungodly sinners, and to consider in our mind, how filthy, beastly, and short that pleasure is, whereunto Satan continually stirreth and moveth us: And again, how the pain appointed for that sin is intolerable and everlasting. Moreover, to use a temperance and sobriety in eating and drinking, to eschew unclean communication, to avoid all filthy company, to flee idleness, to delight in reading the holy Scriptures, to watch in godly prayers and virtuous meditation, and at all times, to exercise some godly travails, shall help greatly unto the eschewing of whoredom.

And Here are all degrees to be monished, whether they be married or unmarried, to love chastity and cleanness of life. For the married are bound by the law of GOD so purely to love one another, that neither of them seek any strange love. The man must only cleave to his wife, and the wife again only to her husband: they must so delight one in another’s company, that none of them covet any other. And as they are bound thus to live together in all godliness and honesty, so likewise it is their duty, virtuously to bring up their children, and provide, that they fall not into Satan’s snare, nor into any uncleanness, but that they come pure and honest unto holy wedlock, when time requireth. 

So likewise ought all masters, and rulers to provide that no whoredom, nor any point of uncleanness be used among their servants. And again, they that are single, and feel in themselves that they cannot live without the company of a woman, let them get wives of their own, and so live godly together: For it is better to marry than to burn (1 Corinthians 7.9).

And to avoid fornication, saith the Apostle, let every man have his own wife, and every woman her own husband. Finally, all such as feel in themselves a sufficiency and ability (through the working of GOD’S Spirit) to lead a sole and continent life, let them praise GOD for his gift, and seek all means possible to maintain the same: as by reading of holy Scriptures, by godly meditations, by continual prayers, and such other virtuous exercises. 

If we all on this wise will endeavour our selves to eschew fornication, adultery, and all uncleanness, and lead our lives in all godliness and honesty, serving GOD with a pure and clean heart, and glorifying him in our bodies by the leading an innocent and harmless life, we may be sure to be in the number of those, of whom our Saviour Christ speaketh in the Gospel on this manner, Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see GOD (Matthew 5.8): to whom alone be all glory, honour, rule, and power, worlds without end. Amen.

Forasmuch as man, being not borne to ease and rest, but to labour and travail, is by corruption of nature through sin, so far degenerated and grown out of kind, that he taketh idleness to be no evil at all, but rather a commendable thing, seemly for those that be wealthy, and therefore is greedily embraced of most part of men, as agreeable to their sensual affection, and all labour and travail is diligently avoided, as a thing painful and repugnant to the pleasure of the flesh: It is necessary to be declared unto you, that by the ordinance of God, which he hath set in the nature of man, every one ought, in his lawful vocation and calling, to give himself to labour: and that idleness, being repugnant to the same ordinance, is a grievous sin, and also, for the great inconveniences and mischiefs which spring thereof, an intolerable evil: to the intent that when ye understand the same, ye may diligently flee from it, and on the other part earnestly apply yourselves, every man in his vocation, to honest labour and business, which as it is enjoined unto man by God’s appointment, so it wanteth not his manifold blessings and sundry benefits.

In what points the true ornaments of the Church or Temple of God do consist and stand, hath been declared in the two last Homilies, entreating of the right use of the Temple or house of God, and of the due reverence that all true Christian people are bound to give unto the same. The sum whereof is, that the Church or house of God, is a place appointed by the holy Scriptures, where the lively word of God ought to be read, taught, and heard, the Lords holy name called upon by public prayer, hearty thanks given to his Majesty for his infinite and unspeakable benefits bestowed upon us, his holy Sacraments duly and reverently ministered, and that therefore all that be godly indeed, ought both with diligence at times appointed, to repair together to the said Church, and there with all reverence to use and behave themselves before the Lord. And that the said Church thus godly used by the servants of the Lord, in the Lords true service, for the effectual presence of God’s grace, wherewith he doeth by his holy word and promises, endue his people there present and assembled, to the attainment, as well of commodities worldly, necessary for us, as also of all heavenly gifts, and life everlasting, is called by the word of God (as it is indeed) the Temple of the Lord, and the house of God, and that therefore the due reverence thereof, is stirred up in the hearts of the godly, by the consideration of these true ornaments of the said house of God, and not by any outward ceremonies or costly and glorious decking of the said house or Temple of the Lord, contrary to the which most manifest doctrine of the Scriptures, and contrary to the usage of the Primitive Church, which was most pure and incorrupt, and contrary to the sentences and judgements of the most ancient, learned and godly Doctors of the Church (as hereafter shall appear) the corruption of these latter days, hath brought into the Church infinite multitudes of images, and the same, with other parts of the Temple also, have decked with gold and silver, painted with colours, set them with stone and pearl, clothed them with silks and precious vestures, fancying untruly that to be the chief decking and adorning of the Temple or house of God, and that all people should be the more moved to the due reverence of the same, if all corners thereof were glorious, and glistering with gold and precious stones. Whereas indeed they by the said images, and such glorious decking of the Temple, have no thing at all profited such as were wise and of understanding: but have thereby greatly hurt the simple and unwise, occasioning them thereby to commit most horrible idolatry. And the covetous persons, by the same occasion, seeming to worship, and peradventure worshipping indeed, not only the images, but also the matter of them, gold and silver, as that vice is of all others in the Scriptures peculiarly called idolatry or worshipping of images. (Eph 5, Col 3) Against the which foul abuses and great enormities shall be alleged unto you: First, the authority of God’s holy word, as well out of the old Testament, as of the new. And secondly, the testimonies of the holy and ancient learned Fathers and Doctors, out of their own works and ancient histories Ecclesiastical, both that you may at once know their judgements, and withal understand what manner of ornaments were in the Temples in the Primitive Church in those times, which were most pure and sincere. Thirdly, the reasons and arguments made for the defence of images or idols, and the outrageous decking of Temples and Churches, with gold, silver, pearl, and precious stone, shall be confuted, and so this whole matter concluded. But lest any should take occasion by the way, of doubting by words or names, it is thought good here to note first of all, that although in common speech we use to call the likeness or similitude of men or other things images, and not idols: yet the Scriptures use the said two words (idols and images) indifferently for one thing always. They be words of divers tongues and sounds, but one in sense and signification in the Scriptures. The one is taken of the Greek word Ei¶dwlon; an Idol, and the other of the Latin word Imago, and Image, and so both used as English terms in the translating of Scriptures indifferently, according as the Septuagint have in their translation in Greek Ei¶dwla, and St. Jerome in his translation of the same places in Latin hath Simulachra, in English, Images. And in the new Testament, that which St. John calleth Ei¶dwlon (1 Jn 5), St. Ierome likewise translateth Simulachrum, as in all other like places of Scripture usually he doeth so translate. And Tertullian , a most ancient Doctor, and well learned in both the tongues, Greek and Latin, interpreting this place of St. John , Beware of Idols, that is to say (saith Tertullian ) of the images themselves: the Latin words which he useth, be Effigies and Imago, to say, an Image (Lib. de corona militis). And therefore it skilleth not, whether in this process wee use the one term or the other, or both together, seeing they both (though not in common English speech, yet in Scripture) signify one thing. And though some to blind men’s eyes, have heretofore craftily gone about to make them to be taken for words of divers signification in matters of Religion, and have therefore usually named the likeness or similitude of a thing set up amongst the Heathen in their Temples or other places to be worshipped, an Idol. But the like similitude with us, set up in the Church, the place of worshipping, they call an Image, as though these two words (Idol and Image) in Scripture, did differ in propriety and sense, which as is afore said) differ only in sound and language, and in meaning be in deed all one, specially in the Scriptures and matters of Religion. And our Images also have been, and be, and if they be publicly suffered in Churches and Temples, ever will be also worshipped, and so Idolatry committed to them, as in the last part of this Homily shall at large be declared and proved. Wherefore our Images in Tem ples and Churches, be in deed none other but Idols, as unto the which Idolatry hath been, is, and ever will be committed.

Almighty GOD, to the intent his most holy Name should be had in honour, and evermore be magnified of the people, commandeth that no man should take his Name vainly in his mouth, threatening punishment unto him that irreverently abuseth it by swearing, forswearing, andblasphemy. To the intent therefore that this commandment may be the better known and kept, it shall bee declared unto you, both how it is lawful for Christian people to swear, and also what peril and danger it is vainly to swear, or to be forsworn.

Unto a Christian man, there can be nothing either more necessary or profitable, than the knowledge of Holy Scripture; forasmuch as in it is contained God’s true word, setting forth his glory, and also man’s duty. And there is no truth nor doctrine, necessary for our justification and everlasting salvation, but that is, or may be, drawn out of that fountain and well of truth. Therefore, as many as be desirous to enter into the right and perfect way unto God, must apply their minds to know Holy Scripture; without the which, they can neither sufficiently known God and his will, neither their office and duty. And as drink is pleasant to them that be dry, and meat to them that be hungry; so is the reading, hearing, searching, and studying of Holy Scripture, to them that be desirous to know God, or themselves, and to do his will. And their stomachs only do loathe and abhor the heavenly knowledge and food of God’s word, that be so drowned in worldly vanities, that they neither saviour God, nor any godliness: for that is the cause why they desire such vanities, rather than the true knowledge of God. As they that are sick of an ague, whatsoever they eat and drink, though it be never so pleasant, yet it is as bitter to them as wormwood; not for the bitterness of the meat, but for the corrupt and bitter humour that is in their own tongue and mouth; even is the sweetness of God’s word bitter, not of itself, but only unto them that have their minds corrupted with long custom of sin and love of this world.

Of all things that be good to be taught unto Christian people, there is nothing more necessary to be spoken of, and daily called upon, then charity: as well for that all manner of works of righteousness be contained in it, as also that the decay thereof is the ruin or fall of the world, the banishment of virtue, and the cause of all vice. And for so much as almost every man, maketh and frameth to himself charity after his own appetite, and how detestable soever his life be, both unto God and man, yet he persuadeth himself still that he hath charity: therefore you shall hear now a true and plain description or setting forth of charity, not of men’s imagination, but of the very words and example of our Saviour Jesus Christ. In which description or setting forth, every man (as it were in a glass) may consider himself, and see plainly without error, whether he be in the true charity, or not.

Among all the creatures that God made in the beginning of the world most excellent and wonderful in their kind, there was none (as the Scripture beareth witness) to be compared almost in any point unto man, who as well in body and soul exceeded all other no less, then the Sun in brightness and light exceedeth every small and little star in the firmament. He was made according to the image and similitude of God, he was endued with all kind of heavenly gifts, he had no spot of uncleanness in him, he was found and perfect in all parts, both outwardly and inwardly, his reason was incorrupt, his understanding was pure and good, his will was obedient and godly, he was made altogether like unto God, in righteousness, in holiness, in wisdom, in truth, to be short in all kind of perfection.

In the last Sermon was declared unto you, what the lively and true faith of a Christian man is, that it causeth not a man to be idle, but to be occupied in bringing forth good works, as occasion serveth.

Of our going from God, the wise man saith, that pride was the first beginning: for by it mans heart was turned from God his maker. For pride (saith he) is the fountain of all sin: he that hath it, shall be full of cursings, and at the end it shall overthrow him. (Ecclus 10) And as by pride and sin we go from God, so shall God and all goodness with him go from us. And the Prophet Hosea doth plainly affirm (Hos 5), that they which go a way still from God by vicious living, and yet would go about to pacify him otherwise by sacrifice, and entertain him thereby, they labour in vain. For, notwithstanding all their sacrifice, yet he goeth still away from them. For so much (saith the Prophet) as they do not apply their minds to return to God, although they go about with whole flocks and herds to seek the Lord, yet they shall not find him: for he is gone away from them.

A Sermon of the Misery of all Mankind and of his Condemnation to Death Everlasting, by his own Sin.

Because all men be sinners and offenders against God, and breakers of his law and commandments, therefore can no man by his own acts, works, and deeds (seem they never so good) be justified, and made righteous before God: but every man of necessity is constrained to seek for another righteousness or justification, to be received at God’s own hands, that is to say, the forgiveness of his sins and trespasses, in such things as he hath offended. And this justification or righteousness, which we so receive of God’s mercy and Christ’s merits. embraced by faith, is taken, accepted and allowed of God, for our perfect and full justification.